Anne Vaughan Locke was the daughter of Stephen Vaughan, a London merchant, and Margery Guinet, a silkwoman to Anne Boleyn. He never meant it to be a polemic against women in general but directed his aim at the unnatural reign of female Catholic rulers: Mary Tudor in England, Marie de Guise in Scotland and Mary, Queen of Scots. And when I heard proceed from your mouth the very same words that he troubles me with, I did wonder and from my heart lament your sair trouble, known in myself the dolour thereof….

He complained that the domestic disputes that ensued in this household of women prevented him from enjoying a quiet scholarly life – as no doubt did letters from his ‘Edinburgh sisters’, consulting him about women’s apparel. In 1552 he wrote to her: Call to your mind what I did standing at the cupboard in Alnwick; in very deed I thought that no creature had been tempted as I was. In the popular imagination at least, Knox is a pulpit-thumping Calvinist tyrant who banned Christmas and most damningly of all, hated women. leading figures in the Presbyterian They had been married for nearly 30 years and Mrs Bowes had borne him fifteen children, ten of whom were daughters. Knox was most ungracious and gloated over her death, writing, within a few days thereafter, began her belly and loathsome legs to swell, and so continued till God did execute his judgment upon her. Escaping the reign of Mary Tudor, Anne moved to Geneva at Knox’s insistence with her two small children (her daughter died four days after their arrival). Whatever the nature of their close relationship, it did not go unnoticed and rumours and innuendo, even accusations of adultery about Mrs Bowes and Knox, abounded. When Knox finally landed at Leith on 2nd May 1559, Scotland was in the midst of a civil war that finally ended with the premature death of the regent, Marie de Guise, on 11 June 1560. House on the banks of the River Tweed south of After his death, Nicol Burne, a Catholic propagandist decried Knox as a lustful, decrepit old man in league with the devil who had committed incest with his mother-in-law and who had been forced to flee England for seducing three young girls under the promise of marriage. In her uncomfortable position of Roman Catholic ruler of a Protestant country, she often sought Knox’s assistance, even offering him the opportunity to become her religious adviser. The John Knox Institute > Video Lectures > Biblical Marriage. On Knox’s part, this ‘woman of a certain age’ may have represented a mother-figure, a sublimated sexual fantasy or simply a feminine presence which the male-dominated world of the clergy lacked. Calendar, Canadian Donors:

Later in life Knox felt compelled to dispel the rumours. the fiery Scottish Reformer, John Knox.