Top Cities in China, Ranked by Forbes. Though industry does play a part in Chengdu's economy and there has been significant domestic investment, its growth is mainly a result of the tide of urbanization driving the rural population towards the cities in search of a better life. It's the largest of China's four municipalities besides Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai, though by contrast its population is mostly rural. It's the poorest of China's large cities, dominated by low-wage-earning migrant factory workers. You can unsubscribe at any time; your email will not be shared with anyone. Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Bureau, Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. "...imperial Japan launched its invasion of the Chinese mainland in the 1930s" The Two Koreas and the Great Powers, Cambridge University Press, 2006, page 43. However, the term is considered somewhat more neutral than historical terms used to describe the territories under the control of the People's Republic of China (PRC) (which is in turn led by the Communist Party of China (CPC)). It is actually China's largest city by area, as Shanghai's urban population is more concentrated. Chengdu is an exception among large Chinese cities. The country’s provinces, major cities, together with popular tourist attractions are marked to facilitate visitors to China. When referring to either Hong Kong or Macau, or "two shores, four places" when referring to both Hong Kong and Macau. It is the richest city in Mainland China per capita, still just above Shenzhen. In the People's Republic of China, the usage of the two terms is strictly speaking not interchangeable. Here are our top recommended sample tours for a variety of big Chinese cities: See more of our China tours or tell our travel advisors your interests, and we will tailor-make your China cities trip. Therefore, Pan-Green individuals tend to prefer the term "China", rather than "mainland China", since the term "China" suggests that Taiwan and China are two separate countries. Hainan is an offshore island, therefore geographically not part of the continental mainland. Hong Kong (10th city in the world for GDP per capita) has over twice Guangzhou's 2017 GDP per capita per month (5,000+ USD). It is the richest city in Mainland China per capita, still just above Shenzhen. Pan-Green Taiwanese might also prefer to refer to China as "Communist China" or "the People's Republic of China (PRC)" or "Red China". You will receive Whitepaper by email and weekly updates. Later, as a military solution became less feasible, the ROC referred to the PRC as "Communist China"" (中共). Fujian Province. First tier cities, Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou and Shenzhen, ranked high in the top 25 best commercial cities and top 50 best innovative cities. Daily COVID-19 infections in mainland China have fallen drastically since early in the outbreak, which first emerged in the city of Wuhan. The people are unusually friendly compared to those in other cities. The pace of life is the most relaxed of China's large cities. It once felt less modernized than China's coastal cities, but it is now one of China's main high-tech, education, and financial centers. Somewhat synonymous to the term "Communist China" is the term "People's Republic of China (PRC)" (which is either considered to encompass Hong Kong and Macau or isn't, due to the confusion and ambiguity of One Country Two Systems). Hong Kong and Macau are both sovereign territories of the People's Republic of China. In modern times, the term "Communist bandits" is generally considered both inflammatory and offensive by supporters of the Kuomintang and other Pan-Blue political parties [the KMT and other aligned parties believe that "China" encompasses both sides of the Taiwan Strait[13]], so it is no longer used by them. Nonetheless, Hainanese people still refer to the geographic mainland as "the mainland" and call its residents "mainlanders". To emphasize the One-China policy and not give the dissident Republic of China (ROC) "equal footing" in Cross-Strait relations, the term must be used in PRC's official contexts with reference to Taiwan (with the PRC referring to itself as the " mainland side" dealing with the "Taiwan side"). This page was last edited on 30 October 2020, at 14:30. Top 8 Places You Should Visit in China in Summer, How to Plan a First Trip to China — 5 Easy Steps, Recommended Tour Itineraries for China Expats, Tianjin Port Transfer and Beijing Sightseeing, 2-Day Beijing Tour from Tianjin Cruise Port, 4-Day Essence of Guangzhou and Shenzhen Tour, 2-Day Panda Keeper and Chengdu Highlights Tour, 12-Day Yangtze River Cruise and Panda Family Tour, The 10 Most Popular Tourist Destinations in China, Explore the history and culture of Beijing in our, Discover the story behind Shenzhen's rise — to. not Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau). An extension of this is the phrase "two shores, three places", with "three places" meaning mainland China, Taiwan, and either Hong Kong or Macau. Vast quantities of clothing, electronics, plastic goods, and toys are shipped from Guangzhou all over the world. Wuhan is an interesting large city, plum in the center of the heavily-populated half of China. Referring to the territories under the control of the Chinese Communist Party as "mainland China" suggests that Taiwan is part of China. It includes Hainan, which is an island province in the South China Sea, and excludes the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, even though both are mostly on the geographic continental landmass ("mainland"). [Populations, areas, and GDPs are estimates based on: the urban area having 400 persons/km2 (1,000 persons per sq mi), Chinese population and economy growth rates, and an urban:rural income ratio of 3:1.].