We also use the word moral as an adjective to describe how something teaches a lesson regarding right vs wrong and when something conforms or is capable of following a code of ethics in a story. Consider where those values might have come from. Building a belief or a belief system in its entirety is the process through which ethics and principles being a collective expression of ‘good’ that typically reside outside of the person in the external environment become internalized and transform into morals and virtues which are an individual expression of ‘good’ that typically reside within the person. Values are the foundation of a person’s ability to judge between right and wrong. According to Kant, “rightness,” or morals, are “unrelated to the consequences of action,” and that morals only exist when action occurs from obedience (Attified 179). Or, a different way to understand this distinction is to view ethics as a moral philosophy enforced within a group of people as a standard, axiom, law, or attitude. ’. Normative ethics also houses consequentialist theories such as utilitarianism, which are notable within the works of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. Corruption, dishonestly, dishonor, unethical, evil, immorality. They don’t have the foundation that comes with a sound set of values. Morals are specific and context-driven rules that govern a person’s behavior. In other words, ethics are societal standards of ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ which are disseminated among a certain community while morals are beliefs constituting a personal campus that guides the behaviour of a person or an organization. To explain this further, let us look at the Encyclopaedia of Philosophy’s definition of ethics being the act of “systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behaviour” which suggests that this is done at a community level, often with the endorsement of authority within said community. Aristotle did not entirely agree with Plato on most topics, but especially in regards to morality. For example, pre-medical students often study biomedical ethics to examine how culture and history have changed with medical practices and the best ways to navigate cultural differences. Let's start with values. Have you ever questioned their moral code or the values upon which they base their decisions? For example, “Euthanasia is considered to be ethical in the state of New York.”. “The viral outbreak took a toll on the morale of the nursing community.”. Utilitarianism, much like epicureanism, teaches that codes of conduct exist to produce the “greatest available balance of pleasure over pain” (Attfield 179). That’s where it gets tricky … morals are the basis for ethics. Moreover, the debate over moral philosophy did not begin in Greece. Ethics are the vehicle to our morals. A Scottish term for a group of moralistic people that are hyper-critical of others. When our minds wander to these places, the three terms -- ethics, morals and values -- tend to get a bit murky. Understanding the abstract meanings inherent in those notions facilitates the reader’s sense-making when engaging with the specialized text and when thinking about the application of those notions in various settings be it familial, organizational, or other. One who is hypocritically moralistic or that mimics a sense of benevolence. The difference is slight but it’s there. They’re just choosing to do the wrong thing. This system allows each individual to determine what should and shouldn’t be. George Edward Moore, Charles Stevenson, and Richard Mervyn Hare are all 20th-century moral philosophers who believed that ethics should primarily tackle metaethical issues over normative ethics (Flew 128). Ethics can impact morals as it is noted that remaining exposed to certain ethical standards for a sustained period of time may sway a person’s morals depending on the level of consistency and influence of the larger group. They have intrinsic worth, but are not universally accepted. In fact, Confucius and Aristotle are both grounding figures in the notion of virtue ethics, which are theories of normative ethics. There are other types of ethics within moral philosophy, which include descriptive ethics and applied ethics. Most notably, Aristotle and Plato undertook the task of arguing the connections between ethics, government policies, and culture within Greek society.